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Recommended Readings

  • Aloe Vera

    Dal’ Belo SE, Rigo-Gaspar L, et al. (2006) “Moisturizing Effect of Cosmetic Formulations Containing Aloe Vera Extract in Different Concentrations Assessed by Skin Bioengineering Techniques.” Skin Research and Technology, volume 12: pp. 241-246

    Byeon SW, Pelley RP, Ullrich SE, et al. (1998) “Aloe Barbadensis Extracts Reduce the Production of Interleukin-10 After Exposure to Ultraviolet Raditation.” Journal Investigative Dermatology, volume 110: pp. 811-817

    Chithra P, Sajithlal GB, Chandrakasan G. (1998) “Influence of Aloe Vera on the Glycoaminoglycans in the Matrix of Healing Dermal Wounds in Rats.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, volume 59: pp. 179-186

    Heggers JP, Kucukcelebi A, et al. (1996) “Beneficial Effect of Aloe on Wound Healing in an Excisional Wound Model.” Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine, volume 2: pp. 271-277

  • Acne Treatment

    Baldwin H, Berman B, et al. (2008) “Act on AcneTM: Evolutionary and Revolutionary Approaches to Treatment – Proceedings from a Scientific Roundtable.” PROCEEDINGS, SynerMed Communications, pp. 1-11

  • Aquaporins

    Diabas AI, Mia AJ, Yorio T (1998) “Aquaporins (Water Channels): Role in Vasopressin- Activated Water Transport.” Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, volume 219: pp. 183-199

    Hara M, Ma T, Verkman AS (2002) Selectively Reduced Glycerol in the Skin of Aquaporin-3-Deficient Mice may Account for Impaired Skin Hydration, Elasticity and Barrier Recovery. Journal of Biological Chemistry, volume 277: pp. 46,616-46,621

    Hara M, Verman AS (2003) “Glycerol Replacement Corrects Defective Skin Hydration, Elasticity and Barrier Function in Aquaporin-3-Deficient Mice.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, volume 100: pp. 7,360-7,365

    Zheng X, Bollag WB. (2003) “Aquaporin 3 Colocates with Phospholipase D2 in Caveolin-Rich Membrane Microdomains and Is Downregulated upon Keratinocyte Differentiation.” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, volume 121: pp. 1487-1495

    Hara-Chikuma M, Verkman AS. (2005) “Aquaporin-3 Functions as a Glycerol Transporter in Mammalian Skin.” Biology of the Cell, volume 97: pp. 479-496

  • Benzoyl Peroxide

    Del Rosso J. (2003) “Keeping it Clean.” Skin & Aging, volume 11: pp. 82-88

    Dreno B. (2004) “Topical Antibacterial Therapy for Acne Vulgaris.” Drugs, volume 64: pp. 2,389-2,397

  • Chemical Peels

    Tosti, A, Grimes, PE, et al. Color Atlas of Chemical Peeling. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 2007

  • Citric Acid

    Bernstein EF, Underhill CB, Lakkakorpi J, et al. (1997) “Citric Acid Increases Viable Epidermal Thickness and Glycosaminoglycan Content of Sun-Damaged Skin.” Dermatologic Surgery, volume 23: pp. 659-694

  • Enzymatic Exfoliation

    Smith WP, Bishop M, Gillis G, et al. (2007) “Topical Proteolytic Enzymes Affect Epidermal and Dermal Properties.” International Journal of Cosmetic Science, volume 29: pp. 15-21

  • Essential Fatty Acids

    Letawe C, Boone M, Piérard GE. (1998) “Digital Image Analysis of the Effect of Topically Applied Linoleic Acid on Acne Microcomedones.” Clinics and Experimental Dermatology, volume 23: pp. 56-58

    Garrow JS, James WPT, Ralph A. Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 10th ed. Edinburgh, U.K.: Churchill Livingstone: 2000. pp. 741-742

    Boelsma E, Tanojo H, Bodde HE, et al. (1996) “Assessment of the Potential Irritancy of Oleic Acid on Human Skin: Evaluation In Vitro and In Vivo.” Toxicol In Vitro, volume 10: pp. 729-742

    Puglia C, Tropea S, Rizza L, et al. (2005) “In Vitro Percutaneous Absorption Studies and In Vivo Evaluation of Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Essential Fatty Acids (EFA) from Fish Oil Extracts.” International Journal of Pharmacology, volume 299: pp. 41-48

    James MJ, Gibson RA, Cleland LG. (2000) “Dietary Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Inflammatory Mediator Production.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, volume 71: pp. 343S-348S

    Terano T, Salmon JA, Higgs GA, et al. (1986) “Eicosapentaenoic Acid as a Modulator of Inflammation Effect on Prostaglandin and Leukotriene Synthesis.” Biochemical Pharmacology, volume 35: pp. 779-785

  • Ethnic Skin

    Grimes P. Aesthetics and Cosmetic Surgery for Darker Skin Types, Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2008

  • General Ingredient Information

    Dweck A. (2003) “The Role of Natural Ingredients in Anti-Aging of the Skin.” Australian Society of Cosmetic Chemists: pp. 1-21 ASCC_paper.pdf (July 2007)

    Thornfeldt C (2005) “Cosmeceuticals Containing Herbs: Fact, Fiction and Future.” Dermalologic Surgery, volume 31: pp. 873-880

    Bennett S, Chaudhuri RK, et al. Anti-aging: Physiology to Formulation, Carol Stream, Illinois: Allured Publishing Corporation, 2006