Acne: Gently Exfoliate and Increase Cell Turnover
How to Treat
The initial trigger in the production of acne papules is the increased adherence of keratinocytes to the follicle wall and increased sebum production, resulting in a plugged pore. Skin cells often do not shed enough on their own, creating a buildup of surface cells that trap oil and bacteria, allowing the bacteria to proliferate. Using well-rounded, blended peeling agents that control bacteria and oil production, as well as loosening the impacted stratum corneum not only opens the pores, but also allows treatment products to penetrate more effectively. Ingredients that act as keratolytics, such as salicylic acid, resorcinol, sulfur, and benzoyl peroxide, are particularly helpful in the treatment of acne because of their ability to dissolve follicular buildup. Products and treatment formulations containing benzoyl peroxide, gluconolactone, salicylic acid, azelaic acid, alpha hydroxy acids, sulfur, and retinoids are all excellent options.
Retinoids, the family of vitamin A derivatives, help increase cellular proliferation and turnover, bringing healthy cells to the surface more quickly. The agent used must be chosen carefully, as prescription-strength retinoids like Retin-A® (retinoic acid/tretinoin) can be irritating to some skin types, but they may be necessary for more severe grades of acne. Retinol is a more gentle form of vitamin A that is effective, yet non-irritating. Retinol is converted to retinoic acid in the skin. Using a daily care product with low-level retinol, in conjunction with anti-inflammatory ingredients such as; InflaShieldTM, Panthenol (Pro-Vitamin B5) and Oat Kernel Extract. This allows for better skin function and improved cell turnover rates with minimal irritation.